There are many children in the world who silently suffer through some sort of anxiety disorder without getting noticed by any adults. Anxiety disorders in children can change their behavior, mood, sleeping patterns, eating habits and lead them to cause self-harm. As adults, it is our duty to take care of small children and keep them safe. According to Mark Roemer, anxiety in children is a real issue and if it is left untreated, it can cause a lot of harm to those young minds.
In this article, you will learn more about anxiety disorders in children, how you can spot them, and what can you do to fix the problem.
Types of anxiety disorders
There are many types of anxiety disorders which a kid can suffer from. They are listed as follows –
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – It is normal for kids to worry about their homework, exams or making mistakes. However, kids with GAD also worry about these things more often and more intensely. They also worry about insignificant things which don’t concern their wellbeing or normal situations which other kids don’t worry about.
- Social Phobia (Social anxiety disorder) – Kids with social phobia have extreme fear about how other people might perceive their behavior and looks. As a result, they may feel embarrassed all the time.
- Separation anxiety disorder (SAD) – Grownup kids who still fear not being in close proximity to their parents suffer from SAD.
- Selective Mutism (SM) – Kids with SM suffer from an extreme form of social phobia. They are so afraid that they refuse to talk with anybody who is not their loved ones.
- Specific Phobia – Phobia is an extreme fear of some object, animal or situation.
What are the symptoms of anxiety in children?
Children with anxiety disorders have elevated levels of the ‘flight’ or ‘fight’ hormone because it is the natural reaction of our body in response to danger. Thus, they may feel their heart racing, sweaty palms, hot face or dry mouth.
Kids with anxiety may also be sad or cry all the time or be upset and cause bad behavior.
What cause anxiety disorders in children?
Anxiety disorders may be caused due to genetics, stressful situations in their life, abnormal brain chemistry or it may even be a learned behavior.
Kids with a family history of anxiety disorder are much more likely to suffer from anxiety as well. They might feel anxious due to abuse or violence and due to the death of a loved one.
If the parents of the kids are always fearful, the kids may learn from their behavior and be fearful all the time.
How can you help a child with an anxiety disorder?
The first step is to notice whether your child has any type of anxiety disorder. It may seem normal to you, but an anxiety disorder is like any other physical disease and needs proper treatment. Kids with anxiety issues should be treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) by a trained therapist.
Listen to your kids and show them how much you love them. However, also teach them to face their fears and not hide from them.
According to Mark Roemer, the proper guidance of parents and effective treatment performed by therapists can resolve anxiety issues in kid without many difficulties.